The term ancient Greece refers to the period of Greek history lasting from the Greek Dark Ages ca. 1100 BC and the Dorian invasion, to 146 BC and the Roman conquest of Greece after the Battle of Corinth. It is generally considered to be the seminal culture which provided the foundation of Western civilization and shaped cultures throughout South west Asia and North Africa.
The Spartan Army was the military force of Sparta, one of the leading city-states of ancient Greece. It is said that the Spartan army is the most powerful in the world. At The battle of Thermopylae, they were outnumbered, 7,000 to over two million. The army stood at the centre of the Spartan state, whose citizens’ primary obligation was to be good soldiers. Subject to military drill from infancy, the Spartans were one of the most feared military forces in world history. At Sparta’s heyday in the 6th to 4th centuries BC, it was commonly accepted that “one Spartan was worth several men of any other state”
The Second Messenian War was a war between the Ancient Greek states of Messenia and Sparta. It started around 40 years after the end of the First Messenian War with the uprising of a slave rebellion. This war lasted from 685 to 668. Here is a small overview of the Messenian wars.
I will be taking further looks at the Greek states later on as I’m about to start a small 15mm campaign based during this period, commanding an army of Spartans. This is some of my initial research in to the period.